Descriptive and associated of Childhood Intestinal Diarrhea in Sinnar State - Bio Statistical Analysis, Sudan, (2019)
Aug 22nd - 2022
This paper aimed to determine the prevalence of diarrhea and associated risk factors among children under the age of five in Sinnar state. The primary data source is based on the information provided through questionnaire for the 800 household interview method is the structured interview schedule (questionnaire). The structured data collection tool will be pretested in the same study area where the main data collection is to be performed. The pretest will be carried out in 8% (60 households) of the total sample size of the study. The type of question in the interview schedule was based on the two types of variables of the study, namely dependent (outcome) and independent (explanatory) variables. SEF and predisposing causes of Diarrhea diseases among under five children were considered to be the independent variables. These are divided into three categories: Endogenous, intermediate and environmental. The main objective of this study is to enable the research methodology in the field of infectious diseases to see and identify the characteristics of the so-called socially vocational and economic factors associated with harmful diseases in children less than five years among the Sinnar State. The study presented the analysis of survey data using both descriptive and chi-square The frequencies procedure provides statistics and graphical displays that are useful for describing many types of variables. Based on my findings, I recommend the following to avoid the risks of diarrhea: Improving mother KAP of the disease, promoting environmental and home situations, Easy access to safe drinking water and effective preservation methods, correct personal and family hygiene and more fluids including oral re-hydration salts, and hygiene promotion programmers for the prevention of childhood diarrhea. There is a need for effective measures to curtail the prevalence of diarrhea among children by enhancing universal access to improved water sources, household hygiene technologies for cooking, waste disposal and promoting proper hygiene behaviors through hygiene promotion. Finally.