The Most Important Factors Associated with Infant Mortality in Sudan, Focusing on Gezira State (2021)
Nov 8th - 2022
This study aimed to identify the most important factors associated with infant mortality in Sudan and determine the risk factors of socioeconomic, demographic, maternal, health status and environmental factors on the infant mortality in Gezira state in Sudan. The data for this study were collected by a questionnaire addressed to women in Gezira state, Sudan (2021). Four hundred women in the reproductive age (15-49) years were chosen randomly for this study. The data were analyzed statistically using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Frequency distributions and a statistical test based on Chi-square for independence was conducted. The results revealed that, mother educational level child's sex, childbirth weight, birth interval and contraceptive use had a significant association on infant mortality. The immunization, Close kinship, First organ appearing , Ability of child's to breast or bottle, Child's suffered from malnutrition, Child's infection with pneumonia, Sanitation are highly significant on the infant mortality. The Ministry of Health and society should give greater attention to improving immunization services and concentrate on health education campaigns for mothers and for the community.