Factors Associated with Under-Five Mortality in Gezira State, Sudan (2021)
Nov 9th - 2022
One of the Sustainable Development Goals is the reduction of infant and child mortality by two-thirds by year 2015. To achieve this goal, efforts need be intensive at identifying cost-effective strategies as many international agencies have advocated for more resources to be directed to health sector. One way of doing this is to identify the important factors that associated child mortality. This study is necessary because, under-Five mortality is one of the most important sensitive indicators of the social economic and health status of a community. This is because more than any other age group of a population, infants and children survival depends on the socioeconomic condition of their environment. This study addresses factors associating under-Five mortality in Sudan. The main objective of the paper is to determine the most of socioeconomic, maternal and environment variables associated with under-Five mortality. The data for this study were collected by a questionnaire addressed to women in Gezira state, Sudan (2021). Four hundred women in the reproductive age (15-49) years were chosen randomly for this study. The data were analyzed statistically using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). A statistical test based on Chi-square for independence was conducted and the relative risk of the socioeconomic, maternal and environment were computed. The postnatal care of mother, child completion specified immunization, child cease to breast-feed and child-suffered dehydration have the greatest relative risk on under-five mortality. The study recommends policy makers and programmer managers in the child health sector to formulate appropriate strategies to improve the situation, of children less than five years in Sudan, by creating awareness on socioeconomic, maternal and environment factors and improving on them.